Is Scabies Considered an STD?
Is scabies considered an std? Yes, It is a sexually transmitted skin disorder and is caused by an infestation with a parasite called the scabies mite. The mite lives on the skin of the infected person and burrows into it. Scabies is spread to others through close skin-to-skin contact.
It is easily treated with an insecticide lotion applied to the skin. Two applications of treatment are enough. Most of the times scabies are probably caused by prolonged hand-holding with an infected person.
The hand is the most common site to be first affected. It can also spread through sexual contact and is considered under the heading of STDs.
Is Scabies Considered an STD? – What Is Scabies?
As noted earlier scabies is a skin disorder caused by tiny mites that burrows into the skin of humans. Scabies mites are called “Sarcoptes scabiei”. The female mite is bigger than male mite.
They burrow their mouth and legs in the sin and lay eggs there, after three to four days they hatch and move to the surface of the skin, mature there and feed there too.
Scabies is common worldwide, particularly where there is dense population and poverty, in winters, women and children.
What Are the Symptoms of Scabies STD?
Itching is the main symptom of scabies. First itching is severe at one place and gradually spreads to different areas of the body, even where there is no mite. It is severe at night when the mites get active or after hot baths.
They burrow fine tunnels in the skin that looks like fine dark lines. They take place most commonly in loose skin areas of the body.
After itching the skin starts having rashes with blotchy, lump like, red appearance. The rashes are obvious in the thighs, armpits, buttocks and around the nipples in women.
Small pus filled bumps are often see in the infants and young children. Crusts form when the scabies is severed and it is called “crusted scabies”.
How Can I Know If I Have Scabies?
Scabies can be easily diagnosed by its typical appearance of rash. Mite tunnels made but the mites are more confirm way to diagnose this STD.
It is sometimes difficult to distinguish between rashes caused by mites and other skin rashes therefore a scraping from skin of the infected is taken to lab for tests.
Sometimes the doctor rub the skin with ink swab, if there are burrows in the skin they get filled with the ink which helps in the detection of scabies.
Is There a Treatment for Scabies?
Yes, there is a number of treatment for scabies. The whole house hold should get the treatment for scabies and all those who are in long time contact with the infested one.
Antihistamine are used to control itchiness and anti-inflammatory agents are also used with the treatment of scabies.
Permethrin is the most effective treatment and can be applied from neck to downward at night, and left for eight to 12 hours, then wash off. It should be applied on the whole body and not only the affected areas. It can kill the eggs and adults too.
Oral ivermectin is effective in single dose for treating scabies, but it is most effective in treating crusted scabies. It is not recommended for children under six years of age.
Other treatments include lindane, benzyl benzoate, crotamiton, malathion, and sulfur preparations. Lindane have potential for neurotoxicity so is limited in many countries.
Again apply the same treatment seven days after the first application, this will help to make sure that all the mites are removed.
How Is Scabies Spread?
Scabies usually spread though prolonged skin-to-skin contact or through sexual contact. It is also possible for scabies to pass through shared towels, clothes and bedding.
It can take up to two months for scabies to show symptoms this is known as “incubation period”.
How Can I Prevent Getting or Spreading Scabies?
To prevent scabies one should follow the rules of “safer sex” and use of condoms and dental dams can reduce the risk of spread too.
Best prevention for scabies is to abstain from having sex until one gets completely treated. One should tell the partner if one have scabies and the partner should be treated as well.
The infested on should take proper and regular treatment, should take care of the hygiene and should have regular checkups.