It is a contagious skin infection transmitted through sexual contact and causes papules or nodules on the skin. It is most commonly seen in children. It can spread through close and skin to skin contact with infected person.
The spots caused by molluscum contagiosum are painless, although they can be itchy. Face, neck, thorax, abdomen and limbs are the common areas to be affected by this pathogen.
What actually the Molluscum Contagiosum is?
Molluscum Contagiosum is a most common kind of STDs and is caused by virus resulting in round, firm, painless bumps on the skin. It is virus from poxviridae family. This virus grows in warm, moist environment and in areas where people live very close.
MCV only infects humans. There are four types of MCV, MCV-1 to MCV-4, but MCV-1 is the most prevalent type and MCV-2 is seen most often in the adults.
What Are the Symptoms of Molluscum Contagiosum?
The bumps that are the cause of molluscum contagiosum usually go away within a year without treatment, but doctor can also help in the removal too.
Tender, round and flesh colored bumps on skin with a dot at the top are the characteristic sign of molluscum contagiosum. The nodules can be single or in the form of clusters.
Characteristically the bumps of Molluscum Contagiosum has a small depression at the top, can become red and inflamed, they can be easily removed by scratching or rubbing, which can spread the virus to the skin adjacent to the papule.
How Can I Know If I Have Molluscum Contagiosum or not?
There is no need for testing usually because only the appearance of the nodule is enough to make the diagnosis, but sometimes doctor takes the biopsy of the nodule to check the organism under microscope.
When the tissue is checked under microscope, molluscume bodies are seen above stratum basale (one of the layers of skin).
Molluscume bodies looks like large cells with abundant granular eosinophilic and a small peripheral nucleus.
Is There any Treatment for Molluscum Contagiosum?
In most cases the molluscum contagiosum goes away on its own. They can also be removed by cryotherapy i.e., Freezing them or by curettage i.e., Scraping them. But use of such treatments depends upon the area of infection.
Antiviral creams can also be applied to get rid of such STD. The chemicals and creams used include Trichloroacetic acid, Salicylic acid, Potassium hydroxide, Tretinoin cream, Podophyllotoxin cream, Cantharidin, Imiquimod cream.
Using Apple Cider Vinegar To Cure Molluscum Contagiosum.
How Is the Molluscum Contagiosum Spread?
Those whoe are affected with Molluscum Contagiousum can spread it to other parts of their own body and this is known as “autoinoculation”. This type of spread of disease takes place when one scratches the bump and then use the same hand to touch other parts of the body.
The virus can spread from one person to another. This can happen if the bumps of MC on one person are touched by another person.
MCV can also spread by sharing towels, clothing, and toys, from one person to another by sexual contact. Anyone who develops bumps on or near the vulva, vagina, penis, or anus should see a health care provider.
How Can I Prevent to Get or Spread Molluscum Contagiosum?
There are different methods to outdo the spread of MCV, but the best way is to maintain good hygiene & keeping your hand and sleeves clean.
It is very important that the blisters of the infected person and neither that of one’s own should not be scratched or picked.
Keep the bumps or blisters covered with clothing or bandage so that other cannot touch the bumps.
One must remember to keep the skin clean and dry so when there is no chance of people to come in contact with the bumps, one can uncover them to clean the covered place and let it dry.
Individuals infected with MCV should not take part in contact sports that puts other individuals at the risk of getting infected.