The gonorrhea caused by an organism called gonococcus. It can spread though oral, anal or vaginal sex and can lead to a type of joint disease i.e. Arthritis and sterility. Babies born to infected mother can become blind. It is a very common infection, especially among young people ages 15-24 years.
It infects warm, moist areas of the body, including the urethra, the eyes, throat, vagina, anus and the reproductive tract (the fallopian tubes, cervix, and uterus in women).
It is most common sexually transmitted disease found in young adults. It is also called as “clap” or “drip” gonorrhea. It is very contagious and spread very easily from infected person to the healthy one.
Bacterium that causes gonorrhea can easily multiply in the mucous membranes of the body. Bacteria can grow in the warm, moist areas of the reproductive tract, including the cervix uterus, and fallopian tubes in women, and in the urethra in women and men. The bacteria can also grow in the mouth, throat, and anus.
What Are the Symptoms of Gonorrhea?
Symptoms may occur after 5-7 days after exposure to the bacteria. However, men may not develop symptoms of gonorrhea but women do.
In men the symptoms may include, increased frequency of urination, pus like discharge from penis, swelling at the opening of penis, swelling and pain in testicles.
In women the symptoms are, discharge from vagina, burning sensation while urination, increased frequency of urination, pain during sexual contact, fever and pain in abdomen.
How Can I Know If I Have Gonorrhea?
A few tests can help individual to know about if one have gonorrhea or not. Tests can be performed by taking the discharge fluid on glass slide and a stain is added. If the specimen reacts to the stain, there is definitely gonorrhea present.
Another test taken includes the incubation of discharge fluid, if the colony if bacteria are found to be growing; it indicates the presence of gonorrhea.
There are other tests which check a urine sample for the presence of the bacteria. You may need to wait for several days for your tests to come back from the lab.
Is There a Treatment for Gonorrhea?
Yes, there is a treatment for gonorrhea. Oral antibiotics are given to cure gonorrhea depending on the type. As the pathogen of gonorrhea have become resistant to many medications so one must compete the medication course.
The optimal treatment of an uncomplicated infection requires two antibiotics that are rocephin and azithromycin. Doxycycline can also be used as a treatment for the disease.
Women are greater risk of complications with gonorrhea. Bacteria may develop fibrosis of the fallopian tubes, which can prevent future pregnancy. Infection can lead to PID, ectopic pregnancy (development of fetus outside the uterus) and infertility.
Men may develop painful abscess on the penis. If gonorrhea spread in the blood stream it can cause arthritis (swelling of joints), damage of cardiac valves, inflammation of the lining of brain and spinal cord.
How Is Gonorrhea Spread?
It is an STD so it is clear that it can spread through sexual contact without proper precautions. It can also spread from a pregnant mother to the unborn child.
If one partner is found to have the infection, other partner should also get the treatment. Because it is definite that the other partner might get the infection.
How Can I Prevent Getting Gonorrhea?
One can prevent getting gonorrhea if one is really concerned about his/her health. According to a famous proverb “prevention is better than cure” individual is suppose to take care about his sexual health and take all the precautionary measures.
If the individual follow the rules of safer sex and use condoms and dental dams can prevent getting gonorrhea.
Regular checkups and screening is also help in preventing the diseases.
How Can I Prevent Spreading Gonorrhea?
Regular screening and tests for STDs plays a major role in the prevention of spread. If one founds her/himself infected after proper screening he/she should abstain from having sexual contact with his/her partner.
The infected should be sincere to his/her partner and is supposed to tell the other partner about the infection.
Seek your health care provider for early treatment of the disease. If taking individual is under medication, one should take the dose at proper time and shouldn’t skip the doses.