It is common viral disease that infect both the mouth and genitals. Herpes type 1 can cause mouth sores and Herpes type 2 can cause genital and anal sores. If you have one type of HPV, you can have the other too. They can pass on whether sores are present or not. Genital Herpes may not show visible symptoms or show mild symptoms . It can pass through if the sexual contact is made with sores.
Genital herpes is a sexually transmitted disease (STD). It affects the genitals, buttocks or anal area. Other herpes infections can affect the eyes, skin, or other parts of the body. The virus can be full of danger to newborn babies or in people with weak immune systems.
Herpes simplex viruses are ubiquitous, host-adapted pathogens that cause a wide variety of disease states. There are two types exist of HPV, HPV type 1 and HPV type 2.
HSV type 1 most commonly causes cold sores. It can also cause genital herpes. HSV type 2 is the usual cause of genital herpes, but it also can infect the mouth.
The predominance of HSV infection worldwide has grown over the last several decades, making it a major public health interest. Immediate attention of herpes simplex infection and early initiation of therapy are of ultimate importance in the administration of the disease.
What Are the Symptoms of Herpes?
There are no visible signs in most of the people infected with herpes but sometimes noticeable signs can be seen.
Before the appearance of blister the sensation of itching, tingling or burning is felt. One or more painful, fluid-filled blisters may appear. Blisters break open and often ooze fluid and form a crust, before healing and cause sores.
Fever, muscle pains, or swollen lymph nodes in the neck (oral herpes) or groin (genital herpes) are possible. People with genital herpes may have trouble urinating or have a burning feeling at the time of urination.
Herpes can affect the eyes and one can have pain, discharge, light sensitivity and feeling of having sand in the eye.
How Can I Know If I Have Herpes?
Dermatologist test and diagnose this STD through some procedures. A swab is taken from the blisters and sent to lab for test. Blood tests can be done to see the virus in blood stream.
Both the blood and the swab taken is tested to check the presence of the virus. One should immediately seek the health care provider for the treatment before it spreads.
Is There a Treatment for Herpes?
There is no treatment for Genital Herpes since most of the time the blisters remove without treatment, but antiviral drugs are orally given or shot in for preventing the spread.
Most people are treated with an antiviral medicine. An antiviral cream or ointment can relieve the burning, itching, or tingling.
Medicines approved for the treatment of herpes are acyclovir, famciclovir & valacyclovir. If the medication is taken regularly, it can reduce the severity of the disease and prevent the spread.
How Is Herpes Spread?
About 1/5th of all people ages 12 and up in the are infected with the HSV-2 virus that causes genital herpes. Women are at greater risk of getting infected that men because it is probably easy for the virus to infect the female genitals.
HSV-1 is usually transmitted from infected person to healthy person by kissing. HSV-1 can also spread from the mouth to the genitals during oral sex.
HSV-2 is most often passed by vaginal sex and anal sex. HSV-2 cannot survive for long on a non-living area, so there is no risk of getting it from a toilet seat or hot tub etc.
How Can I Prevent Getting or Spreading Herpes?
Although this STD cannot be cured but the risk of infection can be reduced by taking precautionary measures. If one is experiencing the outbreak one should not kiss anyone, no oral sex.
One should not share jewelry, cups, towels, clothes or lip balms. One should not have sex if one is having herpes. Using safer sex techniques can outdo the spread of herpes.
If ones hands have come into contact with ones sores, one should wash them thoroughly and apply medication with cotton swabs to reduce the risk of spread.
Does Herpes Always Come Back? Can I Prevent It from Coming Back?
No, the herpes doesn’t always come back if it is treated carefully at the right time. If one is not taking preventative measures against HSV one is likely to get the infection again. The outbreak of herpes for one more time is mild and no severe.
One is prone to get infected for the second time if one experience frequent illness, stress, sunlight and fatigue. In women menstrual periods trigger the outbreak of herpes.
After first attack of herpes one should be very careful about the recurrence and should be cautious. One should always make the sexual and other contacts safe, have regular checkups and immunity boosters.
Will Herpes Affect My Pregnancy?
Women who have their first outbreak of genital herpes at time of delivery are at risk of transmitting the virus to the newborn. Cautious planning during the pregnancy and at the time of delivery can reduce the likelihood of transmission.
Herpes is a serious condition in infants, so the pregnant mother should inform the health care provider even there is a history of herpes.
Women with no history of genital herpes whose partner has a history of cold sores should avoid oral, vaginal, and anal sex during the last trimester of pregnancy.