It is a most common STD and can be very serious. If it goes untreated it can cause infertility in both men and women.
It can cause Pelvic Inflammatory Disease and give eye and lung infection to babies that born to a mother having Chlamydia. It can be treated quickly and the complications it causes can be avoided.
Chlamydia is caused by a bacterium that is called Chlamydia Trachomatis. Its an obligate intracellular bacterium that causes the outbreak of LGV (lymphogranuloma venereum) in the men who have sex with men i.e, those who follow monogamy.
This bacterium is a great cause of preventable blindness in developing tropical countries. Infection starts at the mucosal epithelia of the infected person when the inert, infectious elementary bodies are endocytosed.
These bacteria can cause ulceration by invading the basal layer of the organ, travels via lymphatic system to regional draining nodes. Majority of infected individual maybe HIV positives or can experience constipation.
What are the symptoms of Chlamydia?
Most of the times like other STDs, Chlamydia goes unchecked since it is asymptomatic but in some individuals there appears some symptoms. If one have unprotected sex with an infected person the signs may appear within one to three weeks. It can also take months and months to show up the symptoms.
If a female gets infected with Chlamydia she can experience painful urination, difference in the vaginal discharge as compare to normal vaginal discharge, pain in the lower abdomen, pain during sexual intercourse, bleeding during sexual intercourse, bleeding after sex, bleeding between the dates of last and next menstruation and heavy periods.
If a male gets infected he will experience painful urination, difference in the discharge as compare to normal discharge, pain and inflammation in testicles, unsatisfied urination. If the inflamed testicle remains untreated it can lead to reactive arthritis.
Chlamydia can also affect rectum, eyes and throat. It can cause conjuctivitis if the infected fluid comes in contact with eyes.
How can I know if I have Chlamydia?
Some tests can help you know if you have Chlamydia. Tests for Chlamydia are simple and easy.
For women tests for Chlamydia include a swab test in which a sample from the vagina is taken or is taken from close to the cervix. The swab is then tested in lab to detect the bacteria that are causing the disease.
A sample of urine is also tested to check the presence of C. Trachomatis. Swab can be take from rectum if you have had anal sex or from throat in case of oral sex. Cervical screening cannot help detect the bacteria.
For men Chlamydia test can be taken through urine analysis or swab from rectum or throat is taken. Blood tests cannot help to check the cause of disease out.
Is there a treatment for Chlamydia?
There are definitely some treatments for Chlamydia, most of the people get cured with the use of antibiotics but make sure that one should complete the medication on time. In case of severe Chlamydia intravenous antibiotics can also be given and the patient is hospitalized for the treatment.
One can recover with the medication in a week or two but with the condition of regular work on the prescription.
The drugs that are used in the treatment of Chlamydia can be aminopenicillins i.e. Amoxicillin, macrolides i.e. Arithromycin or ezythromicin, tetracyclines i.e. Doxycycline, quinolones i.e. Ofloxacin and levofloxacin, sulfonamides i.e. Sulfisoxazole.
Where can I get a test or treatment or Chlamydia?
One can get a treatment from STD clinics or through one’s family physician. Chlamydia can be tested in local labs or by your health care provider through a thorough examination.
How is Chlamydia spread?
Chlamydia is a very contagious infection and can easily spread through sexual contact with an infected person. It an also spread through skin-to-skin contact with the sores of infected person. Chlamydia can spread by using shared needles or by sharing infected person’s clothes or towel.
How can i prevent getting Chlamydia?
If one is really concerned with his/her her health one will definitely seek prevention to reduce the risk of getting any of the STDs. First of all, abstinence from all the sexual activities is a complete solution to prevent Chlamydia but if one can’t do this there are many other options.
One can follow the guidelines of safer sex to keep him/herself from getting Chlamydia. Male or female condoms are a quite easy way to reduce the risk for Chlamydia and other HIV related STDs.
Proper use of preventive barriers like dental dams or sheer glydes can help one to protect oneself from the disease.
Avoiding to touch the sores of the partner can also reduce the risk of getting infected. If one limit one’s sexual partners or avoid high-risk activities can be a good prevention.
It will be a great idea if one stop using intoxicating drugs or alcohol before sexual activity because if one is under the affect of alcohol, one won’t bother the use of protective barriers and being intoxicated one can be led toward more and more unsafe sexual activities.
How can i prevent spreading Chlamydia?
Once you get infected you can prevent Chlamydia from spreading if you are sincere to your people. It is nothing of a very much hard to do things. Tell your partner without hesitation that you have Chlamydia, stop having sex until you are taking medication, get yourself retested, ask your partner to take screening tests as well.
If after the treatment your test result are normal, take all the precautionary measures you can.